A Victorian lesson at St Fagans – Years 3 and 4


Years 3 and 4 went to St Fagans for a Victorian school lesson. We were taught by Mr Evans who made us do handwriting, history, reading and recite our times tables. We all had to write with our right hand, even the children who normally use their left hand! We were surprised how different our lessons are to the Victorian lessons and we really felt like Victorian children.

Take a look at our Victorian lesson in the slideshow below:

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As part of the history lesson we had to recite a poem about the kings and queens of Britain. We tried really hard to speak clearly and recite it correctly:

 

Here is Nivas’ recount of our trip to the Victorian school:

On Friday we went to a Victorian school at St Fagans. We learned what Victorian schools were like. On the trip we went inside the building and if you talk or behave badly you will be caned. In the playground boys play on one side and girls the other side. In Victorian schools you must write with your right hand and if you speak Welsh you will wear a necklace and your job is to catch another person who speak Welsh and if you do you tell the teacher and they have to wear it and at the end of the class whoever has the necklace will be caned.

When we entered the room we were dressed as a Victorian school child. Victorian school children learnt handwriting, maths and reading poems and history. When a grownups enters the room all the children must stand and if you don’t you will be caned. If you write with your left you will get something to stop you writing with your left hand.

For lunch you will go home and when the teacher rings the bell that means you have ten minutes to get ready to come back to school and if your late you will get caned.The boys learned drawing and girls learned sewing and cooking. In Victorian schools you have to be five to start and 13 to end school. The bigger children sat at bigger desks and tiny children sat in tiny desks. Victorian teachers were very strict. We had to learn handwriting and you must not fidget or talk. Sometimes if you were very naughty and you would have to write lines 100 times or more. I thought it was very bad and I would not like to be a Victorian.

 

 

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Year 4 visit Big Pit

We had a great time visiting Big Pit recently. We completed a workshop called ‘Servants of the Empire’ to learn more about the jobs children might have done in a coal mine during the Victorian times. We then had an underground tour of the mines so we could really experience what it would be like working down there.

Aisha tells us more:

We went to the ‘Servants of the Empire’ workshop in the coal mine. We were practising pulling the dram and we also touched coal and our hands got black. We went to another room and we went through the pretend tunnel. Mrs Jones told us about what they ate and they ate some simple food like a cheese sandwich.

Then we went underground in a cage. Then I saw a real dram with real coal. It was really cold down there. When Mr Wayne told us to turn our lights off it was really dark, I couldn’t even see my own hand. We went to the horses stable and Mr Wayne showed us a picture of a horse dragging coal on his back. Then Mr Wayne showed us how the well works by touching two wires together. I ring means stop, 2 rings means come in and 3 rings means get out. After the bells Mr Wayne showed us a mandrel, an axe and a shovel. After that we went to see the davy lamp.

Finally we went to the King Coal exhibition. It was a movie about mining coal. It was telling us about how to get the coal with a chainsaw. They even showed us explosions like gas and fire.

Our lung capacity investigation in Year 4

As we are learning about the human body, we completed an investigation to see if we could measure our lung capacity. We also investigated if physical activity could change our lung capacity.

We began by blowing into a balloon with just one exhale of breath. We measured the balloon with a partner and repeated this. We used this information to work out the volume of air that our lungs can hold.

We then repeated this activity of exhaling a breath into a balloon and measuring but first we had to run on the spot for 30 seconds. We did this 3 times and then we were exhausted!

We found that our lungs could hold more air when we were relaxed compared to after we had completed physical activity. We decided this was because when we are relaxed we can breathe in longer, bigger breaths. When we have done physical activity our lungs take in smaller breaths so that they can quickly get enough air into our bodies to send oxygen to our muscles where it’s needed.

We used this investigation as an opportunity to develop how we predict and interpret our results – we all made predictions about when our lungs could hold more air and even though we weren’t all right, we learnt that it’s ok to not be right when we predict as long as we learn something from our results.

We have really enjoyed the opportunity to explore so many different areas of science thanks to our topic and Science Week!

Year 4 Science Week activity with Reception

Year 4 went down to Reception to talk about the heart and exercise. We went into the playground to do 5 activities to see if our heart rate changed.

We worked in groups and the children had to do skipping, star jumps, running on the spot, hula hooping and throwing and catching. They had to do each activity for one minute. The Reception children went round the circle of activities in twos. All of the children worked really hard and enjoyed it!

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We went back into Reception’s classroom to talk to them about how they felt after the activities. Most of them said they felt tired and one of them said they felt better after the activity. We explained to Reception that when you exercise your heart beats faster to get blood around your body and you breathe more to get more air to your lungs.

We enjoyed teaching Reception about the heart and exercise, we think Reception would enjoy it if we did the activity again.

By Year 4

Year 4 – testing our brains for Science Week!

For Science Week we have been testing our brains to see how they handle mixed messages. We used a Stroop test to do this.

Image result for stroop test

 

This is an example of a Stroop test.

 

 

We had to complete 2 activities. First we read the words on the card and a partner timed how long it took us. Then we had to say the colours of the words on the cards and a partner timed how long it took us. Before we started we all made predictions about which would be easier to do: read the words or say the colours. We didn’t all agree…some of us thought it would be easier to read the words because we know the words and others thought the colours would be easier because you didn’t really have to do any reading. Have a look at our pictures and then our results are below.

 

 

We found that the Stroop test was actually quite hard to do! We found it much easier to say the words we could see than to say the colours of the words. Some of us could say the words in around 12 seconds but it took nearly 30 seconds to say the colours. We think this is because our brain has to work harder to work out what it needs to say and gets a bit confused when trying to work out the colours and avoid saying the word it can see.

We really enjoyed testing our brains though and we are excited that we have more investigations to do this week!

Sketching self-portraits Year 4

In Year 4 we have been exploring how to complete a self-portrait. We spent time looking at our faces closely in the mirror, remembering to keep look even when we were sketching.

We completed a few self-portraits, some sketched and some in colour. We then chose our favourite self-portrait so please take a look at them below:

We still have lots more work to do on self-portraits and we will look at different styles of self-portraits. This week we will start to look at some of Picasso’s work and see what inspiration we can get from his art.